NATM Stress Cell

Geonor, Inc - Precision Instrumentation


RST Vibrating Wire NATM Stress Cells are designed to measure stresses in concrete (shotcrete) linings in tunnels and other underground workings.

The instrument name is associated with New Austrian Tunneling Method (NATM), which is also known as Sprayed Concrete Lining (SCL) and Sequentional Excavation Method (SEM). Monitoring of radial and tangential stresses within and on shotcrete lining, along with measurement of tunnel convergence and deformation is an integral, very important part of the method and its successful implementation.

VW NATM cells are constructed of two rectangular steel plates welded around their periphery. The annular space between the plates is filled with fluid. The cell is connected via a stainless steel tube to a vibrating wire pressure transducer. The stress on the cell is then converted to a signal and may be read either with vibrating wire readout or a data logger. Each cell also incorporates a compensating tube that allows adjustment of the cell volume to compensate for shrinkage in the concrete. The compensating tube is squeezed to force more fluid into the cell. This increases the cell volume thereby assuring proper contact with the concrete around the cell.


  • High accuracy and sensitivity.
  • Vibrating wire transducer assures long term stability.
  • Easy to install and operate.
  • Easily converted to datalogging.


  • To monitor pressure on, and within, linings of tunnels and underground workings.


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